Lettuce Gardening Tips

Gardeners can select from a large variety of lettuces that are easy to grow, highly productive in limited space, and virtually pest and disease free. Lettuce is definitely one of the more “care-free” crops. Lettuce is a great way to start gardening; it is what I started out with actually. There are a few key principles though that should always be kept in mind.

Lettuce

For maximum lettuce production, it’s wise to select a site where the soil drains well, yet retains some moisture. The soil should also be rich in nitrogen and potassium, The best way to accomplish this is to work in plenty of organic matter (compost, rotted manure, or leaf mold) that will loosen and enrich the soil.

Most lettuce varieties mature in 45 to 55 days, allowing many gardeners to plant two or even three crops. But looseleaf and butterhead leaves can be harvested at just about any time in their development. Heading varieties take longer to mature. Romaine takes 75 to 85 days and crisphead 70 to 100 days.

By choosing the right varieties and with these lettuce gardening tips, it’s possible to have lettuce in your garden throughout the growing season. This lettuce is great for salads throughout the growing season. There really is nothing better than a fresh Caesar salad with fresh romaine from the garden!

Lettuce Gardening Tips

Lettuce History

Lettuce, one of the oldest food plants known to man, is believed to have originated in India and Central Asia. Even Herodotus wrote of lettuce being served in ancient Greece, and it was a most favorite vegetable in ancient Rome. This is where we get “Caesar Salad”! In fact, the word “lettuce” is derived from the Latin root word “lac” meaning “milk,” referring to the milky juice found in mature lettuce stems.

Columbus and other European explorers brought lettuce seeds to the New World. Our early colonists included lettuce in the first gardens planted in American soil. Today, lettuce is a favorite vegetable here and around the world. It has revolutionized all cultures of food, from hamburgers to salads.

More Lettuce Gardening Tips

Lettuce is so easy to grow it can be started indoors for early transplants or sown directly in the garden. In fact, doing both is recommended to get maximum production. Lettuce seeds are extremely tiny, so it is recommended to be generous with them when planting. It is a good idea to

Romaine Lettuce

start some lettuce seeds indoors in peat pots a few weeks before the last frost date in your area. Provide the seedlings with plenty of sunlight or keep them under artificial lighting until ready to move into the garden. Transplant the seedlings as soon as the soil can be worked in the spring. If a hard freeze threatens, protect the seedlings with a cloche or row cover. Reserve a number of lettuce seedlings to fill empty spaces in the garden as the season progresses.

To sow lettuce directly in the garden, simply plant the seeds about 1/4 inch deep, tamp them down, and water. It’s that simple! Space the sowings according to packet directions that are based on the size of the mature lettuce. For example, a crisphead may require a square foot of garden space. As many as nine plants of a small leaf lettuce variety can grow in the same space.

Keep in mind that lettuce seeds won’t germinate in soil that is 80 degrees F. or warmer, so there’s no sense in sowing directly in the garden in the summer. Resort to starting heat-tolerant varieties indoors and moving the lettuce seedlings into the garden, preferably under partial shade, after they’ve developed a few true leaves.

Lettuce Cultivation

Here are two cultivation tips to keep in mind:

Succession plantings.

Lettuce is ideal for succession planting. Sow seeds every two weeks for production throughout the season, starting with early lettuce varieties, using heat-tolerant varieties as your main crop, and then switching to fall crops late in the summer. Or, if you prefer, use lettuce in successions with other crops. For example, plant lettuce in the spring, followed by bush beans in the summer, followed by lettuce again in the fall.

Watering.

The key to lettuce production is supplying moderate but almost constant water, especially during hot weather. Unless there is regular rainfall, lettuce must be watered deeply at least once a week- more frequently during periods of drought. Mulch with a layer of compost or clean straw to help the soil retain moisture. A drip-irrigation system is ideal.

Lettuce Growing Tips

To improve overall lettuce production, consider using the following four techniques.

Raised beds.

To maximize lettuce production, plant seeds in raised beds. The raised beds warm up faster than the surrounding ground. You should be able to get an earlier start in the spring and a later crop in the fall. Raised bed gardening is, without a doubt, the best way to garden anything out there. Its simplicity, organization, incredible fertility, and results are astounding.

Living mulch.

To make the most of limited garden space, plant lettuce around taller plants like broccoli, Brussels sprouts, peppers, and eggplants. This helps the lettuce grow a lot better; if they are left in the beating sun without moisture, they will not be able to survive. The lettuce helps its neighbor by keeping the surrounding soil moist and cool and keeping weeds shaded out. As the taller plants grow, they provide needed shade for the lettuce as the days get warmer.

‘Tucking.’

You can also start lettuce seedlings indoors for filling vacancies in the garden in late spring and again in early fall as other crops are harvested. Simply ‘tuck’ a seedling in the vacant spot to keep every inch of garden space in constant production.

Ornamental use.

Many varieties of lettuce are welcome additions to ornamental beds. For example, ‘Mighty Red Oak,’ ‘Sweet Red,’and ‘Sierra Blush’ can easily fill gaps in flowerbeds, adding splashes of red where needed.

Insects and Diseases

Lettuce is generally disease and pest free, but you should still be vigilant.

Cutworms and slugs are the most bothersome pests. Use a paper collar around young lettuce seedlings to keep the ravenous caterpillars at bay. Slugs are tougher to control. Sprinkle wood ashes or diatomaceous earth over the soil around the plants to discourage the nasty mollusks. Be sure to reapply after each rainfall.

A major threat is lettuce rot which first attacks the lower leaves in contact with the soil and then spreads throughout the plant.

With these lettuce gardening tips, you can stop this. The best way to prevent fungal and bacterial diseases is to rotate crops. Don’t plant lettuce in the same bed two years in a row.

Raised Bed of Lettuce

Perhaps the greatest threat to lettuce growing are deer. If there is no protection or netting over these lettuce plants, I can assure you that the deer will have a salad bar feast and everything will be gone. I specially recommend the plastic raised beds with pre-made nets from gardeners. These are what I use for my garden. These lettuce gardening tips will save you a ton of time that I had to learn by experience.

Lettuce Harvesting Tips

Lettuce can be harvested any time after true leaves form. For the best quality, better to pick early than late as lettuce allowed to grow too long may be bitter and tough.

To harvest crisphead, Batavia, and romaine varieties, cut the plant right at the soil line when mature, if you prefer to harvest full heads. You can do the same with butterhead and looseleaf lettuce, but I prefer to harvest only the outer leaves as needed. This keeps the plants in production longer. Try to harvest in the morning when the leaves are crisp, sweet, and full of moisture.

When the crown of a lettuce plant elongates, it’s about to bolt to produce seed and the plant has passed its prime. Yank the lettuce plant out, toss it on the compost pile, and replant the space with another crop like bush beans, or with another lettuce seedling.

Recipes and Storage

Primarily water, lettuce does not store well. For the best quality and flavor, use homegrown lettuce soon after harvest. This is particularly true for many of the looseleaf varieties, which wilt readily.

Combine crisp, crunchy lettuce varieties with soft, buttery-smooth types. For example, a blend of ‘Little Caesar,’ ‘Burpee Bibb’, ‘Mighty Red Oak Leaf,’ and ‘Crispy Frills’ makes a fine tossed salad with a variety of colors, shapes, and textures. With the lettuce gardening tips, you will be able to grow and try different blends until you find the ones that most delight your palate.

Useful Home Gardening Tips For Beginners

When one finds himself looking for home gardening tips, it is important to think about the types of gardening such as indoor gardening, organic gardening, and vegetable gardening. These different “genres” of home gardening tips will only lead you into confusion so it is very important to take note that there general home gardening tips that are versatile and are fitting for your average gardener. But before anything else, one has to have an idea on how to go about gardening at home so one can fully grasp the very idea of general home gardening tips.

What is home gardening about? It is a type of gardening where home growers can sustain themselves with healthy tasting produce and flowers that seem to bloom with the essence of beauty. To earn the so-called tasty and beautiful products of gardening, one has to get the right set of gardening tips available.

When it comes to gardening at home, there are certain tips you should follow.

These home gardening tips are best for those who are about to start out as home gardeners. First off, when planning to set up a home garden, it is very important to pick a specific area in your lot. This area will depend on the type of plant or crop you are planning to cultivate, but almost all of the plants for gardening relatively share the same set of desired outdoor conditions which are full or near-full exposure to sunlight.

It is also vital to set up your patch of plants near a faucet so it would be easy to maintain since you wouldn’t need to move around that much. Of all the home gardening tips out there, this is one of the most important to take note of.

Deciding which plant or vegetable to grow is one of the most crucial processes a gardener has to take since knowing which type is also going to give you an estimate of the size of the garden plot you should have. For example, vegetable plants take up small patches of land and are easy to grow while vine crops, such as cucumbers or watermelons require larger patches of land and are more difficult to handle compare to vegetable plants.

These home gardening tips are easy to master but the most important factor in home gardening comes from no book or from any tip out there. It will come from you. Each successful gardener has his or her own set of gardening tips. These tips will be nothing if you would not exert time and effort into gardening. After all the hard work, you will be able to see and even literally taste the fruits of your labor.

Vegetable Gardening Tips – Make Gardening Easier With Helpful Advice To Save Money And Time

We garden because we love it. But be honest, aren’t there times when you wish it was easier? These vegetable gardening tips will make your garden work easier, save money and give you the helpful advice you can use for more successful gardening.

To wipe scale insects and mealy bugs off your houseplants, use a small paint brush instead of the cotton swabs usually recommended. Also, although the old remedy, rubbing alcohol, works just fine to reduce their numbers, lightweight mineral oil is even better because it smothers eggs as well as adults.

Save old tires to recycle as containers for raised beds to grow a plant or two of squash. A scrub bucket that has sprung a leak makes a handy tote for taking away stones and rocks dug out of the ground in preparing a bed, carrying fertilizer to spread around or compost to mix in a planting hole or row.

Save your empty seed packets each season and bundle them together in a plastic bag or large mailing envelope marked with the contents. The following year as you plan your garden, you can look back at the packets and quickly refresh your memory as to exactly which flowers and vegetables you grew the year before, and more importantly, the varieties.

If you keep fish, such as goldfish, don’t throw away the water in which they swim when you change it. Instead, use it to water your plants, thus taking advantage of its valuable nutrients. These are the kind of vegetable gardening tips that almost make you want to go out and buy that goldfish your kids have been bugging you for.

An old tire rim attached to the tool shed or a post finds a new purpose as a reel for storing a garden hose neatly coiled out of the way.

Hang a plastic shoe bag as an organizer to quickly put your hands on such things as plant labels, marking pen, small hand tools, pocket knife, twine, garden gloves and the like. This is one of the most helpful vegetable gardening tips I have discovered. I would be lost without plastic shoe bags throughout my shed to keep me organized.

To plug the drainage hole in a small pot when planting seeds or transplanting seedlings, cut up white paper towels or discarded pantyhose and lay a piece over the hole. The barrier, while preventing the loss of soil, will still permit the release of water.

Folks who save plastic jugs to cover young tomato or other plants to pull them through a cold snap will find the jugs take up less room if they are stacked by sliding the handles over a broomstick or mop handle.

When harvesting vegetables, put them in a plastic laundry basket and hose off the dirt before bringing them inside.

The key-lock-type fasteners that come with plastic trash bags also make good clasps for tying up tomato vines or tall flowers, or putting together wire plant cages.

To identify plants in a row, mark them with the packets from which they were sown. Enveloping each packet in a see-through plastic bag will protect it from getting wet, and anchoring it in a holder made by wrapping a length of wire coat hanger around a hoe or rake handle, to form a sort of clip, will keep the packet from blowing away, besides propping it up so you can easily read the name.

For a makeshift soft pad to kneel on while you weed or plant, fill an old hot-water bottle with sand or sawdust.

Hopefully these vegetable gardening tips have given you some ideas to help you save money and make your gardening easier.